Unique, loveable, playful, and good-natured. These are all characteristics of the Dalmatian dog - a pet, a coach, an escort, and a firehouse dog.
Dalmatian dogs have one of the most exciting animal appearances thanks to their white coat with black dots. Except for having very amusing suits, they are known for being cheerful, playful, or simply - childlike characters. For the same reason, they won the hearts of children and grownups in movies, cartoons, and everyday life.
The Dalmatian has a well-balanced athletic body. The dog is born with a thick and shiny white coat and a strong tail curved upright. Black spots appear only after a few weeks, and they never overlap. Their sporty bodies reach 19 to 24 inches in height, and their weight is about 45 to 70 pounds. They have a lifespan between 11 and 13 years.
Considering the name of this popular and charming dog breed, it is reasonable to assume the dog's origin is Dalmatia - a beautiful coastal region of Croatia. But this is still unknown, and the Dalmatian dog got his name in the 18th century after a location where he settled for the first time. Some old Egyptian engraved pictures remind us of the spotted dog, but this was never confirmed, and his ancient past remains a mystery. In recent history, the Dalmatian dog spread to France and England, and between the 13th and 18th centuries sail-men of Dubrovnik used to trade with them. They also appeared in Slavonija, thanks to high-ranking officials who bred the dog and introduced them to the area. Bishop Petar Horvat from Đakovo in Slavonija described short-haired white dogs with black and brown spots in 1374. In the same period, the Dominican order in Italy referred to the Dalmatian dog as Domini Canes, meaning the Lord’s dog. During the 16 century, about 400 Dalmatian dogs were bred in Slavonija. Firm and solid build made the Dalmatian dogs serve as hunters, shepherds, and war dogs in the past. These dogs took part in the battle on Mohacko field and acted as escorts to Uskoks from Senj* and Morlachs*.
The Dalmatian dog was also known as a carriage escort and guardian. Before 100 years and more, Dalmatian dogs were used to help firefighters. When the fire alarm rang, Dalmatians would bark to warn that a fire truck was passing by. They also guarded the fire truck and horses from thieves who found the fire a good stealing opportunity.
Today, they are usually house pets who require a lot of running and play. They are obedient to a certain degree, as sometimes they don’t hear or respond to a call - and escape. It does not mean they are hard to train. On the contrary - they think and act fast but can get disrupted by anything. Even though they are pretty affectionate dogs, sometimes they work aggressively toward unknown people or are overly playful toward little children - which is all part of their “eternal child” character.
All in all, they are very friendly if you tick their boxes :) Taking them often outside in nature and for a swim will make you his best friend. In the end, he is Dalmatian - sporty, friendly, sometimes loud, but well intended, and ready for adventure :)